Term-phraseological units in the professionally-oriented texts. Their semantic and structural peculiarities (on the material of LSP INSURANCE)


Authors: Elena Yurieva (Moscow City University, Russia)
Elena Monakhova (Moscow City University, Russia)
Speakers: Elena Yurieva, Elena Monakhova
Topic: General Sociolinguistics
COMELA 2021 General Session


Abstract

Political and social transformations in the world have led to certain changes in the lexical systems of national languages, which respond vividly to the new needs of society. Most of the key language units that belong to languages for specific purposes (LSP) are out of the narrow sphere of use and mastered in the language for general purposes (LGP). The loss of special lexical units (terms) of their terminology and their transition into the sphere of general use indicates human involvement in the sphere of economic, political, social and other interests and human dependence on the processes which are taking place. The active penetration of phraseology into the professional sphere of communication leads to the interest of linguists in conducting various linguistic studies. Therefore, scientists widely consider and discuss the problem of origin and use of terms-phraseological units. Taking into account the complex nature of phraseologies and the fact that initially these units belong to the general literary language, these units are called term-phraseological units, because when used in a terminological context, phraseological units in the process of terminology realize their second, terminological meaning. It is caused, on the one hand, by the generality of laws, the functioning of terminological and commonly used vocabulary, and on the other hand, by the desire to identify word-forming features of terminology. Therefore, there is a need in the theoretical understanding of semantic processes that underlie the formation of terminological meaning in phraseological units, the identification of semantic-nominative features of phraseological terms and their differences from phraseological units of the language for general purposes.

Keywords: languages for specific purposes, language for general purposes, phraseological units, term-phraseological units